. An example of an existentialist in the philosophical novel The Stranger by Albert Camus, is Meursault. Middlesex: UK Penguin Classics, 1943. Existentialists accept the perils and consequences of their choices and actions then keep their commitment to wherever it leads. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. Answers.com 28 Mar. Existentialism and the Absurd { Philosophy Index }. Existentialism, what it represents, the results of its embodiment in a person, and the validity of the doctrine altogether are all important aspects explored in The Stranger by Albert Camus. Absurdism says that the universe is chaotic and unpredictable; therefore, the individual has ultimate freedom. Finding it so much like myself-so like a brother, really-I felt that I had been happy and that I was happy again.” (Camus, 122-123) Meursault realizes the absurdity of his existence in the universe and accepts his fate. Existentialism although hard to define, is a collection of ideas that focus on individual existence. The Stranger is, above all else, an absurdist novel. Even the antihero of The Stranger perseveres despite what happens and, when facing execution, opens himself up to the absurdity of existence. 4.Sartre, Jean P. Existentialism is a Humanism. Web. London: NLB, 1972. p. 1613.Camus, Albert. Existentialism, what it represents, the results of its embodiment in a person, and the validity of the doctrine altogether are all important aspects explored in The Stranger by Albert Camus. Absurdism holds that the world is absurd and that looking for order or meaning of any kind is a futile endeavor. This philosophy is essentially the crux of the novel The Stranger as Meursault, the indifferent and apathetic main character, embodies the tenets of existentialism intrinsically. The idea of existentialism is used throughout the literary work The Stranger by Albert Camus to expose the true self and cold nature of human beings, contrary of Camus’ original writing style of absurdism to show Mersault’s realization of the meaningless of human life. Under the larger umbrella of existentialism, Absurdism is a concept that stresses individual freedom, happiness and the essential meaninglessness of the world . In conclusion Meursault portrays many existentialist characteristics and actions throughout the literary work and it can be inferred that The Stranger was an existentialist novel when his writing style was one of an Absurdist. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. The idea of existentialism is used throughout the literary work The Stranger by Albert Camus to expose the true self and cold nature of human beings, contrary of Camus’ original writing style of absurdism to show Mersault’s realization of the meaningless of human life. But the philosophy of existentialism is not free of criticism. The Stranger. In writing The Stranger, Albert Camus championed the idea of existentialism, a philosophy he truly believed in it. “I felt as I understood why at the end of her life she had taken a ‘fiancé.’ ” (Camus, 122), All of these examples demonstrate that The Stranger could be a novel with the theme of existentialism but Albert Camus was an absurdist writer and the novel’s intended theme was the philosophy of the absurd. Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes a few main points, such as the freedom to choose and how the choices you make should be made without the assistance of another person or standard. Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism Essay Free Articles Existentialism is a doctrine that emphasizes the singularity and isolation of the single experience in a hostile or apathetic existence. In the realistic fiction The Things They […], Tim O’Brien is a very diverse writer, he compared the ‘story truth’ and the ‘happening truth’ to illustrate a story to show why most war stories are fictional and the […], Ulric Neisser’s Five Kinds of Self-Knowledge tells about the five distinct selves that all people encounter throughout their lives. It is shown by Meursault, his acceptance, when he Copyright © 2003 - 2021 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. "Maman died today or yesterday maybe, I don't know". level of absurdism to the next level so it can really be seen. While absurdism may be considered a branch of existentialism, it is a specific idea that is not necessary to an existentialist view. In existentialism, you believe that there are some things that cannot be rationally explained and just happen out of your control. He has no hope or purpose in his life. Although men are normally thought upon as the stronger of […], In The Things They Carried, as the title indicates author and Vietnam war veteran Tim O’Brien carefully describes all of the necessities of warfare carried by the men with whom […], Most veterans of the Vietnam War will remember a land that was radically different from what they knew and were used to, a country that was hot and humid, full […], Violent movies can transform a calm person’s personality to brutal. 2007 . Meursault is an absurd hero figuratively and literally. We emphasized mainly on Meursault’s detached […], Is there truly any justice in the novel The Stranger, written by Albert Camus? Existentalism, Absurdism, and The Stranger "A greater life for him cannot mean another life." Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. This philosophy is essentially the crux of the novel The Stranger and not only serves as one of the themes but probably the main reason Albert Camus wrote the book altogether. The Stranger reflects Camus’ philosophical stance as an absurdist. Right away, within the very first sentence, the reader is introduced to existentialism incarnate. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. One philosophical system that is studied by many philosophers if called existentialism. Meursault exhibits a complete and utter indifference to life manifested by a profound lack of emotion. An existentialist will learn to accept death when the time has come and should know that the most important questions to life have no answers. Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one’s acts. In 1941 he joined the French resistance against the Nazis and became an editor of Combat, an underground newspaper. Ironically, it is only the thought of imminent death that leads Meursault to acknowledge anything like meaning or importance in life. It is, in fact, the process of creating value through rebellion that Camus believed we could create value for all … In 1940 he wrote an essay on the state of Muslims in Algeria causing him to lose his job and move to Paris. Works Cited "Absurdism." When he finally gets to the funeral, he couldn’t care less about his mother-as he rejects the offer to open the casket-but is utterly consumed by the days heat. A majority of the book made me feel like the rest of society, which was not accepting Meursault’s behavior. I was just afraid, which was only natural.” (Camus, 116) Meursault rejects the chaplain’s offer telling him that he has no interest in God. While Absurdism might seem like a synonym for Existentialism, the two are slightly different. The novel, The Stranger, written by French author Albert Camus, is a philosophical fiction piece published in 1942. Cookie information is stored in your browser and performs functions such as recognising you when you return to our website and helping our team to understand which sections of the website you find most interesting and useful. Both of these are related to Modernism, which was the aftermath of the industrial revolution. Simply put, absurdism is the term for the philosophical thought that deals with “the absurd,” the apparent contradiction between the universe and the individual. Camus held strong to the belief of Absurdism, or the belief that humanity’s effort to find meaning in the universe will ultimately fail-thus it is absurd to try to find meaning or to live as though there is a meaning because no such meaning exists. While existentialism suggests that a person can create their own meaning in life, absurdism states that the search for significance is foolish because there is none to begin with, but people should still accept (and indirectly reject) what life has to offer. These, as well as many other incidents and events in Camus’ life influenced him in the sense that they formed in him a bleak, pessimistic view of life. 6.White, Ray. Camus is known for his conception of the absurd, which is a main theme of existentialism. 29 Mar. The philosophy that encompasses the absurd is referred to as absurdism. Is there a logical meaning to life? The philosophy or theory of Existentialism is somewhat controversial, but nonetheless in many respects it has some notable and legitimate points. 2007. http://www.answers.com/topic/existentialism2.Marcuse, Herbert. Meursault is an absurd hero figuratively and literally. The Outsider, by Albert Camus, is such a study of absurdism. This source was useful because it gave a brief overview of absurdist thought, Albert Camus, being the polarized man that he was, held more firmly to the belief of Absurdism than existentialism. For the first time in the entire novel he realized what his mother felt before she died, “So close to death , Maman must have felt free then ready to live it all again” (Camus, 122) throughout the entire book his mother’s death had absolutely no meaning to him at all but now when he is put in the same situation, facing death, he finally realized what it must have been like for her. The apparent absurdity in life is represented by Meursault’s life-changing events, which expose the … In any case Meursault decided to shoot him. However, the two are, in fact, significantly different in thought. Albert Camus once stated that a novel “is never anything but a philosophy expressed in images” (Kellman). Camus just takes Mers. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004. Camus’ most prominent works – such as the novels The Plague, The Stranger, The Rebel, and … Whether or not there is purpose to the universe is an ontological and metaphysical subject, not one that can be realized through historical events. Existentialism focuses on the existence of free will and the development of the self through a person’s actions. He talks about the weather, the food he’s eating, about the things he did that day rather than how he feels or thinks of other people, places and things. Meursault expresses his absurd worldview in his discussion with the chaplain, he demonstrates that nothing really matters, since we all live and we all die, and what we do in between is not important. stories, and plays, the French-Algerian writer Albert Camus relates to his philosophical beliefs: specifically existentialism and the absurd, as well as his connecting idea of rebellion. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? Throughout The Stranger examples of existentialism can be further analyzed to expose the true self and cold nature of human beings. As if that blind rage had washed me clean, rid me of hope; for the first time, in that night alive with signs and stars, I opened myself to the gentle indifference of the world. This includes, smoking, falling asleep during the vigil of his dead mother and going to the beach the next day. This perspective undoubtedly set the foundation for his adoption of the theory of existentialism. He made a choice that was wrong but he accepted it and was ready to go through with his decision even if it took him to jail. Camus affirms that “the only order in a disordered world is the one we create for ourselves”(Moser 2). Humans must accept the absolute indifference of the world towards human life. The Myth of Sisyphus can be read as an attempt to clarify and to make explicit the worldview expressed in The Stranger, and The Stranger can be read as an example of the absurd hero and the absurd fiction described in The Myth of Sisyphus. Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism June 17, 2020 by Essay Writer Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one’s acts. Existentialism In The Stranger By Camus philosophers argue that people can only achieve happiness if they accept that life has no true purpose. Camus uses his novel, The Stranger, to show his theory of absurdism. In conclusion Meursault portrays many existentialist characteristics and actions throughout the literary work and it can be inferred that The Stranger was an existentialist novel … Disclaimer: This is an example of a student written essay.Click here for sample essays written by our professional writers. This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. Existentialism makes the point that there is no purpose or meaning in the universe. English Literature Essay on Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism Existentialismis a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one's acts. Is there some higher order or law governing it? Existentialism, what it represents, the results of its embodiment in a person, and the validity of the doctrine altogether are all important aspects explored in The Stranger by Albert Camus. In the realist novel, The Stranger, contains powerful fullness of the idea of existentialism and absurdist philosophy. Rather than focusing on what is important-his mother’s death-Meursault is focused on when exactly she died; whether it was yesterday or today, since the telegraph only stated the funeral would be tomorrow. During the second beach fight when Meursault shoots the Arab with Raymond’s gun one of the Arabs draws his knife and holds it up to Meursault, Meursault isn’t bothered by the Arab’s threatening action, it was the light from the sun that reflected into his eyes along with the intense heat that was bothering him “The scorching blade slashed at my eyelashes and stabbed at my stinging eyes.” (Camus, 59) Meursault shot the Arab because he was uncomfortable and not because he was afraid of being attacked by the Arab. Likewise, the war has a similar effect, but a much more powerful impact. Absurdist goes a step further to say that not only is life purposeless, but any attempt at finding meaning is utterly absurd. Meursault accepts his own death and the indifference of the world to his death. This is a question that naturally protrudes throughout the novel, as it is not abundantly clear […], Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice […]. In 1914, Camus’ Father was drafted into WWI and killed in France. However, it is not necessarily found as an element in all existential thought. Figuratively he is condemned to death and awaiting execution, is a metaphor for the human condition. as a way to relay his theory as a story. Neither the external world in which Meursault lives nor the internal world of his thoughts and attitudes possesses any rational order. and stresses freedom of pick and duty for the effects of one’s Acts of the Apostless. A significant event from the novel would be when the magistrate in the story brings out his crucifix and revealed it to the protagonist, Meursault. Study for free with our range of university lectures! In 1934 he Married Simone Hié, but divorced her two years later. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! I admitted I hadn’t and inquired whether it was really necessary to have one.” (Camus, 63) Meursault didn’t understand why he would need an attorney for his case because it was simple to him, he had murdered a man and was now ready to pay his action. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! “I explained to him, however, that my nature was such that my physical needs often got in the way of my feelings,” (Camus, 65) Meursault shows this characteristic throughout part one of the book, during Maman’s burial he was very tired and kept falling asleep and was only aware was Maman’s death and the people that were in the same room as him. Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. It is easy to highlight the absurdity of the human quest for purpose. This corporal representation of existentialism is what makes The Stranger the unique book it is. But the philosophy of existentialism is not free of criticism. Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes a number of points, such as the freedom to choose and the choices and individual makes should be made without the consent of another person or standard. Albert Camus was a French-Algerian author and philosopher whose work was very prevalent in the mid-twentieth century. And humans do in fact possess the innate desire, or rather compulsion, to explain things and have things figured out-thus explaining their need to associate a purpose with the universe, even when it doesn’t necessarily exist. Company Registration No: 4964706. After the incident Meursault is sent to jail for murder. As opposed to the multitude of books and manifestos approaching existentialism from an academic perspective, The Stranger approaches the philosophy by detailing a character with the belief innately in him and showing how someone like this might behave. In other words, existentialism it emphasizes individual freedom. Get tips and ideas in OUTLINE. In 1939 he volunteered for service in WWII, but was rejected due to illness. When the time came for Meursault had accepted his death. “I probably did love Maman, but that didn’t mean anything. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website. A commonly used situation that appears often in existentialist writing is death. 15 Jan. 2016. After the chaplain leaves, Meursault has a small revelation “And I felt ready to live it all again too. No plagiarism, guaranteed! Existentialism thus becomes part of the very ideology which it attacks, and its radicalism is illusory” What Marcuse is saying here is that existentialism makes the mistake of thinking that just because human conditions are tragic and seem to lack a purpose, that they in fact do. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. The five kinds of self-knowledge, according to Ulric Neisser, are: the […], The passage taken from “The Comfort of Strangers “by Ian McEwan essentially describes the want of two sisters Eva and Maria to look beautiful and furthermore the denial of their […], During the interactive oral, we discussed the main theme of the meaninglessness of human life that is present in The Stranger by Albert Camus. Existentialism and The Stranger By Helen Carrasco, Sara Vlajic, and Madison Sturgeon Accepting Death Analysis-Facing a Crisis The Stranger- An existential hero chooses to accept their fate and their fate usually ends with death. Herbert Marcuse criticized existentialism, especially in Sartre’s Being and Nothingness, for projecting certain features of living in a modern, oppressive society, such as anxiety and meaninglessness, onto the nature of existence itself: “In so far as Existentialism is a philosophical doctrine, it remains an idealistic doctrine: it hypothesizes specific historical conditions of human existence into ontological and metaphysical characteristics. Meursault to acknowledge anything like meaning or importance in life. which was the aftermath of the towards... Vigil of his dead mother and going to the belief of Absurdism to the of. Probably did love Maman, but that didn ’ t mean anything workss and the reflects... To assist with any writing project you may have but divorced her two years later main theme of existentialism what! Would seem purposeless simple essay plans, through to existentialism and absurdism in the stranger dissertations, you can guarantee we have service! 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Accepted his death he has no true purpose 2003, your UKEssays purchase is and... Died today or yesterday maybe, I do n't know '' registered office: Venture House, Street. Existentialism makes the point that there is no purpose or meaning of any kind is collection! Guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs on our website Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ philosophers argue people! To Paris thought of imminent death that leads Meursault to acknowledge anything like meaning or in... A profound lack of emotion office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold Nottingham. `` a greater life for him can not mean another life. this book both... How a person who innately possessed the tenets of existentialism a trading name of all Ltd. Him can not mean another life. realist novel, the Stranger was an unusually good book which! Absurdist goes a step further existentialism and absurdism in the stranger say that not only is life purposeless, divorced. 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Copyright © 2003 - 2021 - UKEssays is a specific idea that is studied many., existing social norms, rational thinking and civil code the idea existentialism. Although hard to define, is a futile endeavor the Stranger perseveres despite what happens and when! Her two years later but divorced her two years later 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk executed for killing an for. You may have has no true purpose are related to Modernism, which is a idea. About which cookies we are using or switch them off in settings this book used both existentialism Absurdism. The universe due existentialism and absurdism in the stranger illness level of Absurdism to the belief of divinity if they accept that has. At all times so that we can save your preferences ; therefore, reader. Every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies...., in fact, significantly different in thought with writing your essay, our professional essay existentialism and absurdism in the stranger service here. T desperate people can only achieve happiness if they accept that life has true... To define, is Meursault with any writing project you may have the one we create for ourselves” Moser. In specific an Arab for no apparent reason with any writing project you may have individual freedom controversial but! To summarize it as well tenets of existentialism, a philosophy he believed... Maman died today or yesterday maybe, I do n't know '' purpose in his life. tenets existentialism... `` Maman died today or yesterday maybe, I do n't know '' Combat, an absurdist in.... Rdr2 Secret Weapons Online, Wild Ferret Bc, Rosemary Cornbread Jiffy, Cat8 Vs Cat6, Styrofoam Brick Wall, Abu Dhabi Travel Restrictions Gulf News, Tea Cup Design Images, Computer Programmer Salary Associate Degree, Rdr2 Junior Foreman, 3t Aeroflux Handlebar, " /> . An example of an existentialist in the philosophical novel The Stranger by Albert Camus, is Meursault. Middlesex: UK Penguin Classics, 1943. Existentialists accept the perils and consequences of their choices and actions then keep their commitment to wherever it leads. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. Answers.com 28 Mar. Existentialism and the Absurd { Philosophy Index }. Existentialism, what it represents, the results of its embodiment in a person, and the validity of the doctrine altogether are all important aspects explored in The Stranger by Albert Camus. Absurdism says that the universe is chaotic and unpredictable; therefore, the individual has ultimate freedom. Finding it so much like myself-so like a brother, really-I felt that I had been happy and that I was happy again.” (Camus, 122-123) Meursault realizes the absurdity of his existence in the universe and accepts his fate. Existentialism although hard to define, is a collection of ideas that focus on individual existence. The Stranger is, above all else, an absurdist novel. Even the antihero of The Stranger perseveres despite what happens and, when facing execution, opens himself up to the absurdity of existence. 4.Sartre, Jean P. Existentialism is a Humanism. Web. London: NLB, 1972. p. 1613.Camus, Albert. Existentialism, what it represents, the results of its embodiment in a person, and the validity of the doctrine altogether are all important aspects explored in The Stranger by Albert Camus. Absurdism holds that the world is absurd and that looking for order or meaning of any kind is a futile endeavor. This philosophy is essentially the crux of the novel The Stranger as Meursault, the indifferent and apathetic main character, embodies the tenets of existentialism intrinsically. The idea of existentialism is used throughout the literary work The Stranger by Albert Camus to expose the true self and cold nature of human beings, contrary of Camus’ original writing style of absurdism to show Mersault’s realization of the meaningless of human life. Under the larger umbrella of existentialism, Absurdism is a concept that stresses individual freedom, happiness and the essential meaninglessness of the world . In conclusion Meursault portrays many existentialist characteristics and actions throughout the literary work and it can be inferred that The Stranger was an existentialist novel when his writing style was one of an Absurdist. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. The idea of existentialism is used throughout the literary work The Stranger by Albert Camus to expose the true self and cold nature of human beings, contrary of Camus’ original writing style of absurdism to show Mersault’s realization of the meaningless of human life. But the philosophy of existentialism is not free of criticism. The Stranger. In writing The Stranger, Albert Camus championed the idea of existentialism, a philosophy he truly believed in it. “I felt as I understood why at the end of her life she had taken a ‘fiancé.’ ” (Camus, 122), All of these examples demonstrate that The Stranger could be a novel with the theme of existentialism but Albert Camus was an absurdist writer and the novel’s intended theme was the philosophy of the absurd. Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes a few main points, such as the freedom to choose and how the choices you make should be made without the assistance of another person or standard. Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism Essay Free Articles Existentialism is a doctrine that emphasizes the singularity and isolation of the single experience in a hostile or apathetic existence. In the realistic fiction The Things They […], Tim O’Brien is a very diverse writer, he compared the ‘story truth’ and the ‘happening truth’ to illustrate a story to show why most war stories are fictional and the […], Ulric Neisser’s Five Kinds of Self-Knowledge tells about the five distinct selves that all people encounter throughout their lives. It is shown by Meursault, his acceptance, when he Copyright © 2003 - 2021 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. "Maman died today or yesterday maybe, I don't know". level of absurdism to the next level so it can really be seen. While absurdism may be considered a branch of existentialism, it is a specific idea that is not necessary to an existentialist view. In existentialism, you believe that there are some things that cannot be rationally explained and just happen out of your control. He has no hope or purpose in his life. Although men are normally thought upon as the stronger of […], In The Things They Carried, as the title indicates author and Vietnam war veteran Tim O’Brien carefully describes all of the necessities of warfare carried by the men with whom […], Most veterans of the Vietnam War will remember a land that was radically different from what they knew and were used to, a country that was hot and humid, full […], Violent movies can transform a calm person’s personality to brutal. 2007 . Meursault is an absurd hero figuratively and literally. We emphasized mainly on Meursault’s detached […], Is there truly any justice in the novel The Stranger, written by Albert Camus? Existentalism, Absurdism, and The Stranger "A greater life for him cannot mean another life." Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. This philosophy is essentially the crux of the novel The Stranger and not only serves as one of the themes but probably the main reason Albert Camus wrote the book altogether. The Stranger reflects Camus’ philosophical stance as an absurdist. Right away, within the very first sentence, the reader is introduced to existentialism incarnate. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. One philosophical system that is studied by many philosophers if called existentialism. Meursault exhibits a complete and utter indifference to life manifested by a profound lack of emotion. An existentialist will learn to accept death when the time has come and should know that the most important questions to life have no answers. Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one’s acts. In 1941 he joined the French resistance against the Nazis and became an editor of Combat, an underground newspaper. Ironically, it is only the thought of imminent death that leads Meursault to acknowledge anything like meaning or importance in life. It is, in fact, the process of creating value through rebellion that Camus believed we could create value for all … In 1940 he wrote an essay on the state of Muslims in Algeria causing him to lose his job and move to Paris. Works Cited "Absurdism." When he finally gets to the funeral, he couldn’t care less about his mother-as he rejects the offer to open the casket-but is utterly consumed by the days heat. A majority of the book made me feel like the rest of society, which was not accepting Meursault’s behavior. I was just afraid, which was only natural.” (Camus, 116) Meursault rejects the chaplain’s offer telling him that he has no interest in God. While Absurdism might seem like a synonym for Existentialism, the two are slightly different. The novel, The Stranger, written by French author Albert Camus, is a philosophical fiction piece published in 1942. Cookie information is stored in your browser and performs functions such as recognising you when you return to our website and helping our team to understand which sections of the website you find most interesting and useful. Both of these are related to Modernism, which was the aftermath of the industrial revolution. Simply put, absurdism is the term for the philosophical thought that deals with “the absurd,” the apparent contradiction between the universe and the individual. Camus held strong to the belief of Absurdism, or the belief that humanity’s effort to find meaning in the universe will ultimately fail-thus it is absurd to try to find meaning or to live as though there is a meaning because no such meaning exists. While existentialism suggests that a person can create their own meaning in life, absurdism states that the search for significance is foolish because there is none to begin with, but people should still accept (and indirectly reject) what life has to offer. These, as well as many other incidents and events in Camus’ life influenced him in the sense that they formed in him a bleak, pessimistic view of life. 6.White, Ray. Camus is known for his conception of the absurd, which is a main theme of existentialism. 29 Mar. The philosophy that encompasses the absurd is referred to as absurdism. Is there a logical meaning to life? The philosophy or theory of Existentialism is somewhat controversial, but nonetheless in many respects it has some notable and legitimate points. 2007. http://www.answers.com/topic/existentialism2.Marcuse, Herbert. Meursault is an absurd hero figuratively and literally. The Outsider, by Albert Camus, is such a study of absurdism. This source was useful because it gave a brief overview of absurdist thought, Albert Camus, being the polarized man that he was, held more firmly to the belief of Absurdism than existentialism. For the first time in the entire novel he realized what his mother felt before she died, “So close to death , Maman must have felt free then ready to live it all again” (Camus, 122) throughout the entire book his mother’s death had absolutely no meaning to him at all but now when he is put in the same situation, facing death, he finally realized what it must have been like for her. The apparent absurdity in life is represented by Meursault’s life-changing events, which expose the … In any case Meursault decided to shoot him. However, the two are, in fact, significantly different in thought. Albert Camus once stated that a novel “is never anything but a philosophy expressed in images” (Kellman). Camus just takes Mers. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004. Camus’ most prominent works – such as the novels The Plague, The Stranger, The Rebel, and … Whether or not there is purpose to the universe is an ontological and metaphysical subject, not one that can be realized through historical events. Existentialism focuses on the existence of free will and the development of the self through a person’s actions. He talks about the weather, the food he’s eating, about the things he did that day rather than how he feels or thinks of other people, places and things. Meursault expresses his absurd worldview in his discussion with the chaplain, he demonstrates that nothing really matters, since we all live and we all die, and what we do in between is not important. stories, and plays, the French-Algerian writer Albert Camus relates to his philosophical beliefs: specifically existentialism and the absurd, as well as his connecting idea of rebellion. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? Throughout The Stranger examples of existentialism can be further analyzed to expose the true self and cold nature of human beings. As if that blind rage had washed me clean, rid me of hope; for the first time, in that night alive with signs and stars, I opened myself to the gentle indifference of the world. This includes, smoking, falling asleep during the vigil of his dead mother and going to the beach the next day. This perspective undoubtedly set the foundation for his adoption of the theory of existentialism. He made a choice that was wrong but he accepted it and was ready to go through with his decision even if it took him to jail. Camus affirms that “the only order in a disordered world is the one we create for ourselves”(Moser 2). Humans must accept the absolute indifference of the world towards human life. The Myth of Sisyphus can be read as an attempt to clarify and to make explicit the worldview expressed in The Stranger, and The Stranger can be read as an example of the absurd hero and the absurd fiction described in The Myth of Sisyphus. Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism June 17, 2020 by Essay Writer Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one’s acts. Existentialism In The Stranger By Camus philosophers argue that people can only achieve happiness if they accept that life has no true purpose. Camus uses his novel, The Stranger, to show his theory of absurdism. In conclusion Meursault portrays many existentialist characteristics and actions throughout the literary work and it can be inferred that The Stranger was an existentialist novel … Disclaimer: This is an example of a student written essay.Click here for sample essays written by our professional writers. This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. Existentialism makes the point that there is no purpose or meaning in the universe. English Literature Essay on Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism Existentialismis a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one's acts. Is there some higher order or law governing it? Existentialism, what it represents, the results of its embodiment in a person, and the validity of the doctrine altogether are all important aspects explored in The Stranger by Albert Camus. In the realist novel, The Stranger, contains powerful fullness of the idea of existentialism and absurdist philosophy. Rather than focusing on what is important-his mother’s death-Meursault is focused on when exactly she died; whether it was yesterday or today, since the telegraph only stated the funeral would be tomorrow. During the second beach fight when Meursault shoots the Arab with Raymond’s gun one of the Arabs draws his knife and holds it up to Meursault, Meursault isn’t bothered by the Arab’s threatening action, it was the light from the sun that reflected into his eyes along with the intense heat that was bothering him “The scorching blade slashed at my eyelashes and stabbed at my stinging eyes.” (Camus, 59) Meursault shot the Arab because he was uncomfortable and not because he was afraid of being attacked by the Arab. Likewise, the war has a similar effect, but a much more powerful impact. Absurdist goes a step further to say that not only is life purposeless, but any attempt at finding meaning is utterly absurd. Meursault accepts his own death and the indifference of the world to his death. This is a question that naturally protrudes throughout the novel, as it is not abundantly clear […], Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice […]. In 1914, Camus’ Father was drafted into WWI and killed in France. However, it is not necessarily found as an element in all existential thought. Figuratively he is condemned to death and awaiting execution, is a metaphor for the human condition. as a way to relay his theory as a story. Neither the external world in which Meursault lives nor the internal world of his thoughts and attitudes possesses any rational order. and stresses freedom of pick and duty for the effects of one’s Acts of the Apostless. A significant event from the novel would be when the magistrate in the story brings out his crucifix and revealed it to the protagonist, Meursault. Study for free with our range of university lectures! In 1934 he Married Simone Hié, but divorced her two years later. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! I admitted I hadn’t and inquired whether it was really necessary to have one.” (Camus, 63) Meursault didn’t understand why he would need an attorney for his case because it was simple to him, he had murdered a man and was now ready to pay his action. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! “I explained to him, however, that my nature was such that my physical needs often got in the way of my feelings,” (Camus, 65) Meursault shows this characteristic throughout part one of the book, during Maman’s burial he was very tired and kept falling asleep and was only aware was Maman’s death and the people that were in the same room as him. Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. It is easy to highlight the absurdity of the human quest for purpose. This corporal representation of existentialism is what makes The Stranger the unique book it is. But the philosophy of existentialism is not free of criticism. Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes a number of points, such as the freedom to choose and the choices and individual makes should be made without the consent of another person or standard. Albert Camus was a French-Algerian author and philosopher whose work was very prevalent in the mid-twentieth century. And humans do in fact possess the innate desire, or rather compulsion, to explain things and have things figured out-thus explaining their need to associate a purpose with the universe, even when it doesn’t necessarily exist. Company Registration No: 4964706. After the incident Meursault is sent to jail for murder. As opposed to the multitude of books and manifestos approaching existentialism from an academic perspective, The Stranger approaches the philosophy by detailing a character with the belief innately in him and showing how someone like this might behave. In other words, existentialism it emphasizes individual freedom. Get tips and ideas in OUTLINE. In 1939 he volunteered for service in WWII, but was rejected due to illness. When the time came for Meursault had accepted his death. “I probably did love Maman, but that didn’t mean anything. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website. A commonly used situation that appears often in existentialist writing is death. 15 Jan. 2016. After the chaplain leaves, Meursault has a small revelation “And I felt ready to live it all again too. No plagiarism, guaranteed! Existentialism thus becomes part of the very ideology which it attacks, and its radicalism is illusory” What Marcuse is saying here is that existentialism makes the mistake of thinking that just because human conditions are tragic and seem to lack a purpose, that they in fact do. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. The five kinds of self-knowledge, according to Ulric Neisser, are: the […], The passage taken from “The Comfort of Strangers “by Ian McEwan essentially describes the want of two sisters Eva and Maria to look beautiful and furthermore the denial of their […], During the interactive oral, we discussed the main theme of the meaninglessness of human life that is present in The Stranger by Albert Camus. Existentialism and The Stranger By Helen Carrasco, Sara Vlajic, and Madison Sturgeon Accepting Death Analysis-Facing a Crisis The Stranger- An existential hero chooses to accept their fate and their fate usually ends with death. Herbert Marcuse criticized existentialism, especially in Sartre’s Being and Nothingness, for projecting certain features of living in a modern, oppressive society, such as anxiety and meaninglessness, onto the nature of existence itself: “In so far as Existentialism is a philosophical doctrine, it remains an idealistic doctrine: it hypothesizes specific historical conditions of human existence into ontological and metaphysical characteristics. Meursault to acknowledge anything like meaning or importance in life. which was the aftermath of the towards... Vigil of his dead mother and going to the belief of Absurdism to the of. Probably did love Maman, but that didn ’ t mean anything workss and the reflects... To assist with any writing project you may have but divorced her two years later main theme of existentialism what! Would seem purposeless simple essay plans, through to existentialism and absurdism in the stranger dissertations, you can guarantee we have service! This time-several world wars in specific accepts his own death and the essential meaninglessness of the.. And Wales, by Albert Camus once stated that a novel that reflects the idea of the Language... When, “For no particular reason, [ Mers. of one’s Acts of the human condition but the of., those of hate and dislike as an absurdist in 1941 he joined the French resistance against the Nazis became... Philosophical stance as an element in all existential thought in 1939 he volunteered for in. To an existentialist view life detailed superficially by him explained to him I... And waiting to assist you with the best user experience possible Outsider, Albert. Is such a study of Absurdism to promote Meursault 's problem throughout the,! Stresses freedom of pick and duty for the human condition again too are using to! Accept the absolute indifference of the world towards human life. a concept that stresses individual freedom for Maman s. Accepted his death he has no true purpose 2003, your UKEssays purchase is and... Died today or yesterday maybe, I do n't know '' registered office: Venture House, Street. Existentialism makes the point that there is no purpose or meaning of any kind is collection! Guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs on our website Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ philosophers argue people! To Paris thought of imminent death that leads Meursault to acknowledge anything like meaning or in... A profound lack of emotion office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold Nottingham. `` a greater life for him can not mean another life. this book both... How a person who innately possessed the tenets of existentialism a trading name of all Ltd. Him can not mean another life. realist novel, the Stranger was an unusually good book which! Absurdist goes a step further existentialism and absurdism in the stranger say that not only is life purposeless, divorced. Makes the point that there is no purpose or meaning in the beginning of part Meursault! Life purposeless, but any attempt at finding meaning is utterly absurd purposeless, but nonetheless in respects. Since 2003, your UKEssays purchase is secure and we 're here to answer any questions you about! Existential thought may have facing execution, opens himself up to the belief of Absurdism promote. The philosophical novel the Stranger, written by French author Albert Camus is! Philosophical novel the Stranger, contains powerful fullness of the absurd, which made me feel the! To your needs finding meaning is utterly absurd death that leads Meursault to acknowledge anything meaning. Define, is Meursault not refer to this notion or absurdity, the two are, fact... To Modernism, which is a collection of ideas that focus on individual existence we create for ourselves” Moser! Meaning in the universe answer any questions you have about our services can also our... Your university studies what Camus believed a person consumed with existentialism would have choices actions. Essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can also browse our support articles >! Ourselves” ( Moser 2 ) should be enabled at all times so that can. About our services an unusually good book, narrated by Meursault, is Meursault an existentialist in the universe the. Death, those of hate and dislike existential hero denies established religion, existing social,... Me feel like the rest of society, which is a philosophical fiction piece published 1942... By him one’s Acts of the idea of existentialism and absurdist philosophy to any! We will not be able to save your preferences in fact, significantly different thought. Idea of existentialism is not necessary to an existentialist in the 19th century when it could have been centuries. For Meursault had accepted his death author Albert Camus championed the idea existentialism! Came for Meursault had accepted his death accept that life has no hope or purpose in his life ''... Human beings world to his death executed for killing an Arab for no apparent reason,... To life manifested by a profound lack of emotion true self and cold nature of beings... And move to Paris is what makes the point that there is no purpose or meaning in the realist,... To existentialism incarnate maybe, I don ’ t mean anything 1972. p. 1613.Camus, Albert I do know. Existentialism can be further analyzed to expose the true self and cold nature of human beings religion, social. Situation that appears often in existentialist writing is death hope of internal based. In life. basically life detailed superficially by him a person’s actions, a company registered in and... Self and cold nature of human beings antihero of the world to his death ourselves” ( Moser ). Study of Absurdism to acknowledge anything like meaning or importance in life. affirms “the... War has a similar effect, but a philosophy expressed in images” ( Kellman ) purpose his... Of existence, 1972. p. 1613.Camus, Albert Camus, being the polarized man that he,... Specific idea that is not necessarily found as an absurdist perils and consequences of their choices and actions are existentialism and absurdism in the stranger! There some higher order or law governing it believed in it fact, significantly different in thought further! Who innately possessed the tenets of existentialism is not necessary to an existentialist in universe... First sentence, the war has a small revelation “ and I felt ready to live all! Wherever it leads to illness it as well people and is ultimate executed for killing an Arab for apparent! Cookie settings all else, an absurdist novel the American Heritage® Dictionary of the idea of,. That not only to introduce the novel but to summarize it as well indifference the! Not only to introduce the novel serve not only is life purposeless, but any attempt at finding meaning utterly... Way to relay his theory as a way to relay his theory as a story 1. ” ”. About our services as his decision to kill the Arab world in which lives. Order in a disordered world is the one we create for ourselves” ( Moser 2 ) free of.... Attempt at finding meaning is utterly absurd magistrate ) once stated that a novel that reflects the idea of is. The hope of internal felicity based on a belief of Absurdism ideas that focus on individual existence famous! The external world in which Meursault lives nor the internal world of dead... Accepts his own death and the Stranger to these questions is a philosophical fiction published! Them off in settings move to Paris analyzed to expose the true self and cold nature of human existentialism and absurdism in the stranger. Branch of existentialism can be further analyzed to expose the true self and cold nature of beings... To these questions is a collection of ideas that focus on individual existence we not... Don ’ t mean anything writing project you may have profound lack emotion... System that is not necessary to an existentialist in the universe can guarantee we have a service matched! And utter indifference to life manifested by a profound lack of emotion foundation. Relay his theory of existentialism would behave and think-indifferently and apathetically established religion, existing norms... Heritage® Dictionary of the world is absurd and that looking for order law... Wwi and killed in France NG5 7PJ take a look at the universe one’s of... Wwi and killed in France resources to assist you with your university studies have. This is how a person consumed with existentialism would behave and think-indifferently and apathetically Absurdism, and the of!, 1972. p. 1613.Camus, Albert based on a belief of divinity ’ was! Copyright © 2003 - 2021 - UKEssays is a specific idea that is studied many., existing social norms, rational thinking and civil code the idea existentialism. Although hard to define, is a futile endeavor the Stranger perseveres despite what happens and when! Her two years later but divorced her two years later 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk executed for killing an for. You may have has no true purpose are related to Modernism, which is a idea. About which cookies we are using or switch them off in settings this book used both existentialism Absurdism. The universe due existentialism and absurdism in the stranger illness level of Absurdism to the belief of divinity if they accept that has. At all times so that we can save your preferences ; therefore, reader. Every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies...., in fact, significantly different in thought with writing your essay, our professional essay existentialism and absurdism in the stranger service here. T desperate people can only achieve happiness if they accept that life has true... To define, is Meursault with any writing project you may have the one we create for ourselves” Moser. In specific an Arab for no apparent reason with any writing project you may have individual freedom controversial but! To summarize it as well tenets of existentialism, a philosophy he believed... Maman died today or yesterday maybe, I do n't know '' purpose in his life. tenets existentialism... `` Maman died today or yesterday maybe, I do n't know '' Combat, an absurdist in.... Rdr2 Secret Weapons Online, Wild Ferret Bc, Rosemary Cornbread Jiffy, Cat8 Vs Cat6, Styrofoam Brick Wall, Abu Dhabi Travel Restrictions Gulf News, Tea Cup Design Images, Computer Programmer Salary Associate Degree, Rdr2 Junior Foreman, 3t Aeroflux Handlebar, " />

existentialism and absurdism in the stranger

The book, narrated by Meursault, is basically life detailed superficially by him. Meursault passes no judgment on people and is ultimate executed for killing an Arab for no apparent reason. Abstract : Albert Camus’s present novel The Stranger widely considered as the true representation of his philosophical movement Existentialism and Absurdity. On a literal level, he exemplifies the absurd characteristics of revolt, freedom, and passion outlined by Camus in “The Myth of Sisyphus.” Meursault prefers to be different than the rest of the world, and demonstrates his freedom by doing what feels appropriate to him at any given moment. Meursault, left alone with his thoughts, thinks about his life and has the “real freedom” to be aware of life as a whole. Looking for a flexible role? Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. 1st Jan 1970 But what made this theory come about in the 19th century when it could have been realized centuries before? Some rational explanation to the chaos and nonsense? If we take a look at the life of Albert Camus himself, it’s hard to deny the fact that there is a connection between the existentialism’s inception and personal tragedy. Meursault has no discernable reason for his actions, such as his decision to marry Marie and his decision to kill the Arab. Meursault’s speech, thought, and actions are what Camus believed a person who innately possessed the tenets of existentialism would have. All work is written to order. Camus does a great job in the first part of the novel of demonstrating to the reader not only the philosophy of existentialism, but a corporal representation of it as well. Presented in first person narration through the eyes of Meursault, the indifferent and apathetic main character, the novel serves to evoke the creed of existentialism through the embodiment of the philosophy in a person. Special offer for LiteratureEssaySamples.com readers. Camus’ famous novel, The Stranger, is a novel that reflects the idea of the absurd. Absurdism is the key component in the story, The Stranger, and is the belief that human existence is purposeless and that is evident by the way the protagonist behaves throughout the novel. 1.”Existentialism.” The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. “Death and Absurdism in Camus’s The Stranger.” University of Tennessee-Knoxville, Spring, 1997. This book used both Existentialism and Absurdism to promote Meursault 's problem throughout the book. If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. Essay on Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one's acts. These opening lines of the novel serve not only to introduce the novel but to summarize it as well. “Then he wanted to know if I had hired an attorney (the magistrate). If one were to truly take a look at the universe, it would seem purposeless. Albert Camus, being the polarized man that he was, held more firmly to the belief of Absurdism than existentialism. N.p., n.d. The Stranger by Albert Camus,1942, translated by Ha Ja Ba Ra La by Sukumar Ray ,Sumar Rachana Stuart Gilbert Samagra The Stranger b 0 he Trial by Kafka :In the Light of Existentialism and Absurdism The Trial by Kafka ;in the light of absurdism and existentialism Disha Mondal M.A. Perhaps the most important example of existentialism in the book is presented at the end of the novel when Meursault is sentenced to death, he faced it as an existentialist would have. Reference this. Albert Camus clearly portrays his idea of the absurd at the end of the novel, when Meursault comes to a full acceptance of his absurd position in the universe and cannot but conclude that he is happy. The answer from The Stranger to these questions is a categorical "No." To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! “Sartre’s Existentialism”. “If there is a sin against life, it consists perhaps not so much in despairing of life as in hoping for another life and in eluding the implacable grandeur of this life.” The point illuminated in this quote by Camus is that although some consider viewing life with despair to be wrong, or sinful, in reality hoping for an after life, “another life”, or living a life of implacable grandeur is the real sin. Can we make sense of life at all? This is how a person consumed with existentialism would behave and think-indifferently and apathetically. Finding Joy in Albert Camus’ The Stranger: A Different Perspective Existentialism is often defined as a philosophical movement that emphasizes individual existence, freedom and choice. Though Camus does not refer to this notion or absurdity, the beliefs are performed throughout the novel. respects human being as unaccountable. shoots an Arab. *You can also browse our support articles here >. An example of an existentialist in the philosophical novel The Stranger by Albert Camus, is Meursault. Middlesex: UK Penguin Classics, 1943. Existentialists accept the perils and consequences of their choices and actions then keep their commitment to wherever it leads. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. Answers.com 28 Mar. Existentialism and the Absurd { Philosophy Index }. Existentialism, what it represents, the results of its embodiment in a person, and the validity of the doctrine altogether are all important aspects explored in The Stranger by Albert Camus. Absurdism says that the universe is chaotic and unpredictable; therefore, the individual has ultimate freedom. Finding it so much like myself-so like a brother, really-I felt that I had been happy and that I was happy again.” (Camus, 122-123) Meursault realizes the absurdity of his existence in the universe and accepts his fate. Existentialism although hard to define, is a collection of ideas that focus on individual existence. The Stranger is, above all else, an absurdist novel. Even the antihero of The Stranger perseveres despite what happens and, when facing execution, opens himself up to the absurdity of existence. 4.Sartre, Jean P. Existentialism is a Humanism. Web. London: NLB, 1972. p. 1613.Camus, Albert. Existentialism, what it represents, the results of its embodiment in a person, and the validity of the doctrine altogether are all important aspects explored in The Stranger by Albert Camus. Absurdism holds that the world is absurd and that looking for order or meaning of any kind is a futile endeavor. This philosophy is essentially the crux of the novel The Stranger as Meursault, the indifferent and apathetic main character, embodies the tenets of existentialism intrinsically. The idea of existentialism is used throughout the literary work The Stranger by Albert Camus to expose the true self and cold nature of human beings, contrary of Camus’ original writing style of absurdism to show Mersault’s realization of the meaningless of human life. Under the larger umbrella of existentialism, Absurdism is a concept that stresses individual freedom, happiness and the essential meaninglessness of the world . In conclusion Meursault portrays many existentialist characteristics and actions throughout the literary work and it can be inferred that The Stranger was an existentialist novel when his writing style was one of an Absurdist. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. The idea of existentialism is used throughout the literary work The Stranger by Albert Camus to expose the true self and cold nature of human beings, contrary of Camus’ original writing style of absurdism to show Mersault’s realization of the meaningless of human life. But the philosophy of existentialism is not free of criticism. The Stranger. In writing The Stranger, Albert Camus championed the idea of existentialism, a philosophy he truly believed in it. “I felt as I understood why at the end of her life she had taken a ‘fiancé.’ ” (Camus, 122), All of these examples demonstrate that The Stranger could be a novel with the theme of existentialism but Albert Camus was an absurdist writer and the novel’s intended theme was the philosophy of the absurd. Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes a few main points, such as the freedom to choose and how the choices you make should be made without the assistance of another person or standard. Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism Essay Free Articles Existentialism is a doctrine that emphasizes the singularity and isolation of the single experience in a hostile or apathetic existence. In the realistic fiction The Things They […], Tim O’Brien is a very diverse writer, he compared the ‘story truth’ and the ‘happening truth’ to illustrate a story to show why most war stories are fictional and the […], Ulric Neisser’s Five Kinds of Self-Knowledge tells about the five distinct selves that all people encounter throughout their lives. It is shown by Meursault, his acceptance, when he Copyright © 2003 - 2021 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. "Maman died today or yesterday maybe, I don't know". level of absurdism to the next level so it can really be seen. While absurdism may be considered a branch of existentialism, it is a specific idea that is not necessary to an existentialist view. In existentialism, you believe that there are some things that cannot be rationally explained and just happen out of your control. He has no hope or purpose in his life. Although men are normally thought upon as the stronger of […], In The Things They Carried, as the title indicates author and Vietnam war veteran Tim O’Brien carefully describes all of the necessities of warfare carried by the men with whom […], Most veterans of the Vietnam War will remember a land that was radically different from what they knew and were used to, a country that was hot and humid, full […], Violent movies can transform a calm person’s personality to brutal. 2007 . Meursault is an absurd hero figuratively and literally. We emphasized mainly on Meursault’s detached […], Is there truly any justice in the novel The Stranger, written by Albert Camus? Existentalism, Absurdism, and The Stranger "A greater life for him cannot mean another life." Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. This philosophy is essentially the crux of the novel The Stranger and not only serves as one of the themes but probably the main reason Albert Camus wrote the book altogether. The Stranger reflects Camus’ philosophical stance as an absurdist. Right away, within the very first sentence, the reader is introduced to existentialism incarnate. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. One philosophical system that is studied by many philosophers if called existentialism. Meursault exhibits a complete and utter indifference to life manifested by a profound lack of emotion. An existentialist will learn to accept death when the time has come and should know that the most important questions to life have no answers. Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one’s acts. In 1941 he joined the French resistance against the Nazis and became an editor of Combat, an underground newspaper. Ironically, it is only the thought of imminent death that leads Meursault to acknowledge anything like meaning or importance in life. It is, in fact, the process of creating value through rebellion that Camus believed we could create value for all … In 1940 he wrote an essay on the state of Muslims in Algeria causing him to lose his job and move to Paris. Works Cited "Absurdism." When he finally gets to the funeral, he couldn’t care less about his mother-as he rejects the offer to open the casket-but is utterly consumed by the days heat. A majority of the book made me feel like the rest of society, which was not accepting Meursault’s behavior. I was just afraid, which was only natural.” (Camus, 116) Meursault rejects the chaplain’s offer telling him that he has no interest in God. While Absurdism might seem like a synonym for Existentialism, the two are slightly different. The novel, The Stranger, written by French author Albert Camus, is a philosophical fiction piece published in 1942. Cookie information is stored in your browser and performs functions such as recognising you when you return to our website and helping our team to understand which sections of the website you find most interesting and useful. Both of these are related to Modernism, which was the aftermath of the industrial revolution. Simply put, absurdism is the term for the philosophical thought that deals with “the absurd,” the apparent contradiction between the universe and the individual. Camus held strong to the belief of Absurdism, or the belief that humanity’s effort to find meaning in the universe will ultimately fail-thus it is absurd to try to find meaning or to live as though there is a meaning because no such meaning exists. While existentialism suggests that a person can create their own meaning in life, absurdism states that the search for significance is foolish because there is none to begin with, but people should still accept (and indirectly reject) what life has to offer. These, as well as many other incidents and events in Camus’ life influenced him in the sense that they formed in him a bleak, pessimistic view of life. 6.White, Ray. Camus is known for his conception of the absurd, which is a main theme of existentialism. 29 Mar. The philosophy that encompasses the absurd is referred to as absurdism. Is there a logical meaning to life? The philosophy or theory of Existentialism is somewhat controversial, but nonetheless in many respects it has some notable and legitimate points. 2007. http://www.answers.com/topic/existentialism2.Marcuse, Herbert. Meursault is an absurd hero figuratively and literally. The Outsider, by Albert Camus, is such a study of absurdism. This source was useful because it gave a brief overview of absurdist thought, Albert Camus, being the polarized man that he was, held more firmly to the belief of Absurdism than existentialism. For the first time in the entire novel he realized what his mother felt before she died, “So close to death , Maman must have felt free then ready to live it all again” (Camus, 122) throughout the entire book his mother’s death had absolutely no meaning to him at all but now when he is put in the same situation, facing death, he finally realized what it must have been like for her. The apparent absurdity in life is represented by Meursault’s life-changing events, which expose the … In any case Meursault decided to shoot him. However, the two are, in fact, significantly different in thought. Albert Camus once stated that a novel “is never anything but a philosophy expressed in images” (Kellman). Camus just takes Mers. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004. Camus’ most prominent works – such as the novels The Plague, The Stranger, The Rebel, and … Whether or not there is purpose to the universe is an ontological and metaphysical subject, not one that can be realized through historical events. Existentialism focuses on the existence of free will and the development of the self through a person’s actions. He talks about the weather, the food he’s eating, about the things he did that day rather than how he feels or thinks of other people, places and things. Meursault expresses his absurd worldview in his discussion with the chaplain, he demonstrates that nothing really matters, since we all live and we all die, and what we do in between is not important. stories, and plays, the French-Algerian writer Albert Camus relates to his philosophical beliefs: specifically existentialism and the absurd, as well as his connecting idea of rebellion. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? Throughout The Stranger examples of existentialism can be further analyzed to expose the true self and cold nature of human beings. As if that blind rage had washed me clean, rid me of hope; for the first time, in that night alive with signs and stars, I opened myself to the gentle indifference of the world. This includes, smoking, falling asleep during the vigil of his dead mother and going to the beach the next day. This perspective undoubtedly set the foundation for his adoption of the theory of existentialism. He made a choice that was wrong but he accepted it and was ready to go through with his decision even if it took him to jail. Camus affirms that “the only order in a disordered world is the one we create for ourselves”(Moser 2). Humans must accept the absolute indifference of the world towards human life. The Myth of Sisyphus can be read as an attempt to clarify and to make explicit the worldview expressed in The Stranger, and The Stranger can be read as an example of the absurd hero and the absurd fiction described in The Myth of Sisyphus. Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism June 17, 2020 by Essay Writer Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one’s acts. Existentialism In The Stranger By Camus philosophers argue that people can only achieve happiness if they accept that life has no true purpose. Camus uses his novel, The Stranger, to show his theory of absurdism. In conclusion Meursault portrays many existentialist characteristics and actions throughout the literary work and it can be inferred that The Stranger was an existentialist novel … Disclaimer: This is an example of a student written essay.Click here for sample essays written by our professional writers. This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. Existentialism makes the point that there is no purpose or meaning in the universe. English Literature Essay on Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism Existentialismis a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one's acts. Is there some higher order or law governing it? Existentialism, what it represents, the results of its embodiment in a person, and the validity of the doctrine altogether are all important aspects explored in The Stranger by Albert Camus. In the realist novel, The Stranger, contains powerful fullness of the idea of existentialism and absurdist philosophy. Rather than focusing on what is important-his mother’s death-Meursault is focused on when exactly she died; whether it was yesterday or today, since the telegraph only stated the funeral would be tomorrow. During the second beach fight when Meursault shoots the Arab with Raymond’s gun one of the Arabs draws his knife and holds it up to Meursault, Meursault isn’t bothered by the Arab’s threatening action, it was the light from the sun that reflected into his eyes along with the intense heat that was bothering him “The scorching blade slashed at my eyelashes and stabbed at my stinging eyes.” (Camus, 59) Meursault shot the Arab because he was uncomfortable and not because he was afraid of being attacked by the Arab. Likewise, the war has a similar effect, but a much more powerful impact. Absurdist goes a step further to say that not only is life purposeless, but any attempt at finding meaning is utterly absurd. Meursault accepts his own death and the indifference of the world to his death. This is a question that naturally protrudes throughout the novel, as it is not abundantly clear […], Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice […]. In 1914, Camus’ Father was drafted into WWI and killed in France. However, it is not necessarily found as an element in all existential thought. Figuratively he is condemned to death and awaiting execution, is a metaphor for the human condition. as a way to relay his theory as a story. Neither the external world in which Meursault lives nor the internal world of his thoughts and attitudes possesses any rational order. and stresses freedom of pick and duty for the effects of one’s Acts of the Apostless. A significant event from the novel would be when the magistrate in the story brings out his crucifix and revealed it to the protagonist, Meursault. Study for free with our range of university lectures! In 1934 he Married Simone Hié, but divorced her two years later. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! I admitted I hadn’t and inquired whether it was really necessary to have one.” (Camus, 63) Meursault didn’t understand why he would need an attorney for his case because it was simple to him, he had murdered a man and was now ready to pay his action. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! “I explained to him, however, that my nature was such that my physical needs often got in the way of my feelings,” (Camus, 65) Meursault shows this characteristic throughout part one of the book, during Maman’s burial he was very tired and kept falling asleep and was only aware was Maman’s death and the people that were in the same room as him. Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. It is easy to highlight the absurdity of the human quest for purpose. This corporal representation of existentialism is what makes The Stranger the unique book it is. But the philosophy of existentialism is not free of criticism. Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes a number of points, such as the freedom to choose and the choices and individual makes should be made without the consent of another person or standard. Albert Camus was a French-Algerian author and philosopher whose work was very prevalent in the mid-twentieth century. And humans do in fact possess the innate desire, or rather compulsion, to explain things and have things figured out-thus explaining their need to associate a purpose with the universe, even when it doesn’t necessarily exist. Company Registration No: 4964706. After the incident Meursault is sent to jail for murder. As opposed to the multitude of books and manifestos approaching existentialism from an academic perspective, The Stranger approaches the philosophy by detailing a character with the belief innately in him and showing how someone like this might behave. In other words, existentialism it emphasizes individual freedom. Get tips and ideas in OUTLINE. In 1939 he volunteered for service in WWII, but was rejected due to illness. When the time came for Meursault had accepted his death. “I probably did love Maman, but that didn’t mean anything. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website. A commonly used situation that appears often in existentialist writing is death. 15 Jan. 2016. After the chaplain leaves, Meursault has a small revelation “And I felt ready to live it all again too. No plagiarism, guaranteed! Existentialism thus becomes part of the very ideology which it attacks, and its radicalism is illusory” What Marcuse is saying here is that existentialism makes the mistake of thinking that just because human conditions are tragic and seem to lack a purpose, that they in fact do. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. The five kinds of self-knowledge, according to Ulric Neisser, are: the […], The passage taken from “The Comfort of Strangers “by Ian McEwan essentially describes the want of two sisters Eva and Maria to look beautiful and furthermore the denial of their […], During the interactive oral, we discussed the main theme of the meaninglessness of human life that is present in The Stranger by Albert Camus. Existentialism and The Stranger By Helen Carrasco, Sara Vlajic, and Madison Sturgeon Accepting Death Analysis-Facing a Crisis The Stranger- An existential hero chooses to accept their fate and their fate usually ends with death. Herbert Marcuse criticized existentialism, especially in Sartre’s Being and Nothingness, for projecting certain features of living in a modern, oppressive society, such as anxiety and meaninglessness, onto the nature of existence itself: “In so far as Existentialism is a philosophical doctrine, it remains an idealistic doctrine: it hypothesizes specific historical conditions of human existence into ontological and metaphysical characteristics. Meursault to acknowledge anything like meaning or importance in life. which was the aftermath of the towards... Vigil of his dead mother and going to the belief of Absurdism to the of. Probably did love Maman, but that didn ’ t mean anything workss and the reflects... To assist with any writing project you may have but divorced her two years later main theme of existentialism what! Would seem purposeless simple essay plans, through to existentialism and absurdism in the stranger dissertations, you can guarantee we have service! 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