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The symbol is the short form or abbreviated name of the element. Potassium hexachloroplatinate is similarly insoluble, and hexachloroplatinic acid has been used in the determination of potassium ions by gravimetry. , From 1889 to 1960, the meter was defined as the length of a platinum-iridium (90:10) alloy bar, known as the international prototype of the meter. , The most common use of platinum is as a catalyst in chemical reactions, often as platinum black. What's the Latin word for gold? Platinum is a chemical element with the symbol Pt and atomic number 78. “Trinity” is derived from the Latin word “trinitas” (“a … Platinum also has 34 synthetic isotopes ranging in atomic mass from 165 to 204, making the total number of known isotopes 40. It occurs in some nickel and copper ores along with some native deposits, mostly in South Africa, which accounts for 80% of the world production. International Interest for Platinum. How to pronounce platinum. The NIST manufactured the wires from platinum bar stock with a chemical purity of 99.999% by weight). Platinum is used as an alloying agent for various metal products, including fine wires, noncorrosive laboratory containers, medical instruments, dental prostheses, electrical contacts, and thermocouples. It is quite possible they did not recognize there was platinum in their gold. Synonyms for platinum include platina, white gold, ore, aggregate, element, gold, iron, metal, mineral and raw material. Ulloa also anticipated the discovery of platinum mines. 8, 50 (1964)", "Seventy-fifth Anniversary of the Discovery of the Platiniferous Merensky Reef", 10.1002/0471238961.1612012019052513.a01.pub2, "Evidence of huge deposits of platinum in State", "Identification of meteoritic components in imactites", "Effects of relativistic motion of electrons on the chemistry of gold and platinum", "Synthetic metallomolecules as agents for the control of DNA structure", "Sur les métaux égyptiens: Présence du platine parmi les caractères d'inscriptions hiéroglyphiques, confié à mon examn", "Ancient Platinum Technology in South America: Its use by the Indians in Pre-Hispanic Times", "Several Papers concerning a New Semi-Metal, Called Platina; Communicated to the Royal Society by Mr. Wm. , Zeise's salt, containing an ethylene ligand, was one of the first organometallic compounds discovered. The cod complex and the halides are convenient starting points to platinum chemistry. List of singles as lead artist, with selected chart positions, certifications and album name Title Year Peak chart positions Certifications Album US Latin US Latin Digital US Latin Pop ARG ITA MEX SPA WW "Pirateando" 2018 — — — — — — — — Non-album singles "Rebota" 35 — 35: 44 — — 72 — RIAA: 4× Platinum … All three reactions are reversible. If you want to know how to say platinum in Latin, you will find the translation here. The previous bar was made of platinum in 1799. Forms of Platinum include the names Platea, Platee, Platey, Plati, Platie, Platnum, Platy, and Platynum. When did organ music become associated with baseball? It has been employed as a catalyst since the early 19th century, when platinum powder was used to catalyze the ignition of hydrogen. platinum, Pt, atomic number 78 (noun) a heavy precious metallic element; grey-white and resistant to corroding; occurs in some nickel and copper ores and is also found native in some deposits In 1741, Charles Wood, a British metallurgist, found various samples of Colombian platinum in Jamaica, which he sent to William Brownrigg for further investigation. About. Chlorine is a green-yellow gas, so was given the name after the Latin word "chloros," which means "greenish-yellow." The name 'Platinum is derived from the Spanis T erm 'Platina', which is literally translated into "little silver". Dictionary Entries near platinum. This page provides all possible translations of the word platinum in the Latin language. How to say platinum. Music recording certification is a system of certifying that a music recording has shipped, sold, or streamed a certain number of units. These two impurities are thus removed by running an electromagnet over the mixture. Platinum arsenide, sperrylite (PtAs2), is a major source of platinum associated with nickel ores in the Sudbury Basin deposit in Ontario, Canada. , If pure platinum is found in placer deposits or other ores, it is isolated from them by various methods of subtracting impurities.  It is sometimes mistaken for silver. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? , During periods of sustained economic stability and growth, the price of platinum tends to be as much as twice the price of gold, whereas during periods of economic uncertainty, the price of platinum tends to decrease due to reduced industrial demand, falling below the price of gold. , Several barium platinides have been synthesized in which platinum exhibits negative oxidation states ranging from −1 to −2. Antonio de Ulloa returned to Spain and established the first mineralogy lab in Spain and was the first to systematically study platinum, which was in 1748. In which Year did physics education came to Liberia? For other uses, see, CRC press encyclopedia of materials and finishes, 2nd edition, Mel Schwartz, 2002, Materials handbook, fifteenth edition, McGraw-Hill, by John Vaccari, 2002, Kelly, Thomas D. and Matos, Grecia R. (2013), Crown of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)", "Currency shocks knock platinum to 10-year lows", "The status of platinum anticancer drugs in the clinic and in clinical trials", "Live USD Platinum Price Charts & Historical Data", "J. C. Chaston, Platinum Metals Rev. Being a heavy metal, it leads to health problems upon exposure to its salts; but due to its corrosion resistance, metallic platinum has not been linked to adverse health effects. platinum . What is the latin name of platinum - 1084231 1. Of the naturally occurring isotopes, only 190Pt is unstable, though it decays with a half-life of 6.5×1011 years, causing an activity of 15 Bq/kg of natural platinum. Platinum is not popular as a baby girl name. Why did clay walker and Lori lampson get divorced? How old was Ralph macchio in the first Karate Kid? Its most important application is in automobiles as a catalytic converter, which allows the complete combustion of low concentrations of unburned hydrocarbons from the exhaust into carbon dioxide and water vapor. , Carl von Sickingen researched platinum extensively in 1772. Franz Karl Achard made the first platinum crucible in 1784.  (Side effects of cisplatin include nausea and vomiting, hair loss, tinnitus, hearing loss, and nephrotoxicity. Gold prices are more stable in slow economic times, as gold is considered a safe haven. Listen to the audio pronunciation in the Cambridge English Dictionary. An atom of an element is denoted by this symbol. Periodic Table of Elements Element Platinum Pt. What does contingent mean in real estate? , Cisplatin, or cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) is the first of a series of square planar platinum(II)-containing chemotherapy drugs. Because it occurs naturally in the alluvial sands of various rivers, it was first used by pre-Columbian South American natives to produce artifacts. Its physical characteristics and chemical stability make it useful for industrial applications. En savoir plus. Platinum is insoluble in hydrochloric and nitric acid, but dissolves in hot aqua regia (A mixture of nitric and hydrochloric acids), to form chloroplatinic acid, H2PtCl6.. aurum noun: something made of gold: aurea: gold: Find more words! , In 1865, chromites were identified in the Bushveld region of South Africa, followed by the discovery of platinum in 1906. Correspondingly, platinum is found in slightly higher abundances at sites of bolide impact on Earth that are associated with resulting post-impact volcanism, and can be mined economically; the Sudbury Basin is one such example. It is a dense, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, precious, silverish-white transition metal.Its name is derived from the Spanish term platino, meaning "little silver". Information and translations of platinum in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Here's how you say it. The frame of the Crown of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, manufactured for her coronation as Consort of King George VI, is made of platinum.  It reacts vigorously with fluorine at 500 °C (932 °F) to form platinum tetrafluoride.  Platinum also exhibits negative oxidation states at surfaces reduced electrochemically. The chemical element with atomic number 78 and symbol Pt; a dense, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, silverish-white transition metalof great value. A whitish grey colour, like that of the metal. Back to Top. Where is Jesse De-Wilde son of Brandon deWilde? Consequently, platinum is often found chemically uncombined as native platinum. Platinum is paramagnetic, whereas nickel and iron are both ferromagnetic. Scientists have adopted certain conventions regarding the chemical symbols for various elements. As platinum is a catalyst in the manufacture of the silicone rubber and gel components of several types of medical implants (breast implants, joint replacement prosthetics, artificial lumbar discs, vascular access ports, etc. Ammonium chloroplatinate can be converted to platinum by heating. The Food and Drug Administration and other institutions have reviewed the issue and found no evidence to suggest toxicity in vivo.  Brownrigg also made note of platinum's extremely high melting point and refractoriness toward borax. , Platinum, along with the rest of the platinum-group metals, is obtained commercially as a by-product from nickel and copper mining and processing. , Platinum is a precious metal commodity; its bullion has the ISO currency code of XPT. Cesium is a bright sky blue color when heated and was given its name from the Latin "caesius," which means "sky blue." , Treatment of hexachloroplatinic acid with an ammonium salt, such as ammonium chloride, gives ammonium hexachloroplatinate, which is relatively insoluble in ammonium solutions. Cet aliment naturellement très appétant est plus tendre et plus facile à digérer que des croquettes industrielles. Platinum is often found chemically uncombined as native platinum and as alloy with the other platinum-group metals and iron mostly. 2. Platinum is used as a catalyst and in making jewelry, electrical contacts, and dental crowns. Skip to page content; Skip to site menu on this page. Nom commun [modifier le wikicode] platinum \ Prononciation ? , 1,000 cubic centimeters of 99.9% pure platinum, worth about US$696,000 at 29 Jun 2016 prices, Average price of platinum from 1992 to 2012 in US$ per troy ounce, In the laboratory, platinum wire is used for electrodes; platinum pans and supports are used in thermogravimetric analysis because of the stringent requirements of chemical inertness upon heating to high temperatures (~1000 °C). It is not in the top 1000 names. PtAs2), and as end alloys with nickel or copper. Check out our list for saying platinum in different languages.  The rare sulfide mineral cooperite, (Pt,Pd,Ni)S, contains platinum along with palladium and nickel. At Platinum, Alaska, about 17,000 kg (550,000 ozt) was mined between 1927 and 1975. Its name is derived from the Spanish term platino, meaning "little silver". What are the Latin Names of Chemical Elements?  Platinum is more ductile than gold, silver or copper, thus being the most ductile of pure metals, but it is less malleable than gold. platinum définition, signification, ce qu'est platinum: 1. a chemical element that is an extremely valuable silver-coloured metal, used in jewellery and in…. 190Pt is the least abundant at only 0.01%. Where a base is desired, the halides have been used in conjunction with sodium acetate.  From their first encounters with platinum, the Spanish generally saw the metal as a kind of impurity in gold, and it was treated as such. The country Argentina is named after silver (albeit indirectly as reference to the Río de la Plata) and is the only country to be named after a chemical element, rather than the other way around. , When hexachloroplatinic acid is heated, it decomposes through platinum(IV) chloride and platinum(II) chloride to elemental platinum, although the reactions do not occur stepwise:. Platinum definition: Platinum is a very valuable , silvery-grey metal. It was often simply thrown away, and there was an official decree forbidding the adulteration of gold with platinum impurities. Until May 2019, the kilogram was defined as the mass of the international prototype of the kilogram, a cylinder of the same platinum-iridium alloy made in 1879.. Interest is based how many people viewed this name from each country and is scaled based on the total views by each country so that large countries do not always show the most interest. Scheffer described platinum as being less pliable than gold, but with similar resistance to corrosion. Parcourir mots et des phrases milions dans toutes les langues. Most often the native platinum is found in secondary deposits in alluvial deposits.  The use of platinum(II) acetylacetonate has also been reported. At times, the platinum seemed malleable, but when it was alloyed with iridium, it would be much more brittle. Related: Platiniferous. PtO2, also known as Adams' catalyst, is used as a hydrogenation catalyst, specifically for vegetable oils. inum Would you like to know how to translate platinum to Latin? Where is the name Platinum popular? , In watchmaking, Vacheron Constantin, Patek Philippe, Rolex, Breitling, and other companies use platinum for producing their limited edition watch series. The remaining 28.9 tonnes went to various other minor applications, such as medicine and biomedicine, glassmaking equipment, investment, electrodes, anticancer drugs, oxygen sensors, spark plugs and turbine engines. Learn more. In the US, Cisplatin (cisplatin systemic) is a member of the drug class alkylating agents and is used to treat Anal Cancer, Bladder Cancer, Blood Cell Transplantation, Bone Marrow Transplantation, Brain Tumor, Cervical Cancer, Neuroblastoma, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Osteogenic Sarcoma, Ovarian Cancer and Testicular Cancer. We hope this will help you to understand Latin better.  The misunderstanding is created by healthcare workers who are using inappropriately the name of the metal as a slang term for platinum-based chemotherapy medications like cisplatin.  The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health has set a recommended exposure limit (REL) for platinum as 1 mg/m3 over an 8-hour workday.. It was referenced in European writings as early as 16th century, but it was not until Antonio de Ulloa published a report on a new metal of Colombian origin in 1748 that it began to be investigated by scientists. It occurs free and in association with other platinum metals, especially in osmiridium; used in jewellery, laboratory apparatus, electrical contacts, dentistry, electroplating, and as a catalyst. The metal looks like silver, and the Spaniards at first thought it an inferior sort of silver, hence the name platina. Log In. The Latin name for silver, ‘argentum’, is thought to derive originally from an Indo-European language, likely referring to the metal’s shininess. What does platinum mean? Because platinum is significantly denser than many of its impurities, the lighter impurities can be removed by simply floating them away in a liquid. The standard hydrogen electrode also uses a platinized platinum electrode due to its corrosion resistance, and other attributes. Contact Us. , Hexachloroplatinic acid mentioned above is probably the most important platinum compound, as it serves as the precursor for many other platinum compounds. Although elemental platinum is generally unreactive, it dissolves in hot aqua regia to give aqueous chloroplatinic acid (H2PtCl6):, As a soft acid, platinum has a great affinity for sulfur, such as on dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO); numerous DMSO complexes have been reported and care should be taken in the choice of reaction solvent. It is a … Coins, bars, and ingots are traded or collected. What is the WPS button on a wireless router? Smaller reserves can be found in the United States, for example in the Absaroka Range in Montana. Platinum is a chemical element with the symbol Pt and atomic number 78. For example, a small box from burial of Shepenupet II was found to be decorated with gold-platinum hieroglyphics. Who was the lady with the trophy in roll bounce movie?  To work the metal, they would combine gold and platinum powders by sintering. Log in Join now 1. Copy to clipboard ; Details / edit; Reta-Vortaro. , One suitable method for purification for the raw platinum, which contains platinum, gold, and the other platinum-group metals, is to process it with aqua regia, in which palladium, gold and platinum are dissolved, whereas osmium, iridium, ruthenium and rhodium stay unreacted. 2.1. platinum colour: 3.  Chemically unbounded platinum has been identified by the FDA as a "fake cancer 'cure'". As is expected, tetracoordinate platinum(II) compounds tend to adopt 16-electron square planar geometries. These compounds are capable of crosslinking DNA, and kill cells by similar pathways to alkylating chemotherapeutic agents. ), the possibility that platinum could enter the body and cause adverse effects has merited study. , The first European reference to platinum appears in 1557 in the writings of the Italian humanist Julius Caesar Scaliger as a description of an unknown noble metal found between Darién and Mexico, "which no fire nor any Spanish artifice has yet been able to liquefy". Platinum is one of the least reactive metals.  Platinum-based anodes are used in ships, pipelines, and steel piers. The current OSHA standard is 2 micrograms per cubic meter of air averaged over an 8-hour work shift. Platinum(IV) oxide, PtO2, also known as 'Adams' catalyst', is a black powder that is soluble in potassium hydroxide (KOH) solutions and concentrated acids. , Platinum's rarity as a metal has caused advertisers to associate it with exclusivity and wealth. Ulloa and Juan found mines with the whitish metal nuggets and took them home to Spain. In 1752, Henrik Scheffer published a detailed scientific description of the metal, which he referred to as "white gold", including an account of how he succeeded in fusing platinum ore with the aid of arsenic. The country Argentina is named after silver (albeit indirectly as reference to the Río de la Plata) and is the only country to be named after a chemical element, rather than the other way around. The Latin name of Platinum is 'Platinum' only.  Caesium platinide, Cs2Pt, a dark-red transparent crystalline compound has been shown to contain Pt2− anions. The least stable of these are 165Pt and 166Pt, with half-lives of 260 µs, whereas the most stable is 193Pt with a half-life of 50 years. Sometimes the metal was entirely incombustible, but when alloyed with osmium, it would volatilize. [clarification needed] Other chemists across Europe soon began studying platinum, including Andreas Sigismund Marggraf, Torbern Bergman, Jöns Jakob Berzelius, William Lewis, and Pierre Macquer. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples How old was queen elizabeth 2 when she became queen? The Latin name for the office of the consul was "consulatus".The Latin name for the two prime leaders or consuls was "consul". The symbol is the short form or abbreviated name of the element. Use * for blank tiles (max 2) Advanced Search Advanced Search: Use * for blank spaces Advanced Search: Advanced Word Finder: See Also in English.  PtO2 and the less common PtO both decompose upon heating. What date do new members of congress take office? ), Dichloro(cycloocta-1,5-diene)platinum(II), Archaeologists have discovered traces of platinum in the gold used in ancient Egyptian burials as early as 1200 BC. Chabeneau realized the infusibility of platinum would lend value to objects made of it, and so started a business with Joaquín Cabezas producing platinum ingots and utensils. It was first obtained from Spanish colonies in Mexico and Colombia, … How rizal overcome frustrations in his romances? aurum. , Of the 218 tonnes of platinum sold in 2014, 98 tonnes were used for vehicle emissions control devices (45%), 74.7 tonnes for jewelry (34%), 20.0 tonnes for chemical production and petroleum refining (9.2%), and 5.85 tonnes for electrical applications such as hard disk drives (2.7%). It helps one absorb those higher vibrations at a physical level, so we are better able to put the energy to work in bringing creative visions into the physical world! Is there a way to search all eBay sites for different countries at once? Because platinum has a higher melting point than most other substances, many impurities can be burned or melted away without melting the platinum. PtBiTe), antimonides (PdSb), and arsenides (e.g. The Latin name for silver, ‘argentum’, is thought to derive originally from an Indo-European language, likely referring to the metal’s shininess.  The metal has excellent resistance to corrosion, is stable at high temperatures and has stable electrical properties.  In 2010, South Africa was the top producer of platinum, with an almost 77% share, followed by Russia at 13%; world production in 2010 was 192,000 kg (423,000 lb).  Platinum(II,IV) oxide, Pt3O4, is formed in the following reaction: Unlike palladium acetate, platinum(II) acetate is not commercially available. "Platinum" debit and credit cards have greater privileges than "gold" cards.  Some products, such as blenders and vehicles, with a silvery-white color are identified as "platinum". Cisplatin. In 1750, after studying the platinum sent to him by Wood, Brownrigg presented a detailed account of the metal to the Royal Society, stating that he had seen no mention of it in any previous accounts of known minerals. Dichloro(cycloocta-1,5-diene)platinum(II) is a commercially available olefin complex, which contains easily displaceable cod ligands ("cod" being an abbreviation of 1,5-cyclooctadiene).  The platinum used in such objects was not the pure element, but rather a naturally occurring mixture of the platinum group metals, with small amounts of palladium, rhodium, and iridium.  Others include carboplatin and oxaliplatin. Alloying this impure platinum residue called "plyoxen" with gold was the only solution at the time to obtain a pliable compound, but nowadays, very pure platinum is available and extremely long wires can be drawn from pure platinum, very easily, due to its crystalline structure, which is similar to that of many soft metals. In 1758, he was sent to superintend mercury mining operations in Huancavelica.. Each element has a chemical symbol that is unique to it. It is one of the rarer elements in Earth's crust, with an average abundance of approximately 5 μg/kg. Watson F. R. S", Historical Statistics for Mineral and Material Commodities in the United States, "2010 Minerals Yearbook; Platinum-group metals", "Platinum Metals: A Survey of Productive Resources to industrial Uses", "2014 Minerals Yearbook; Platinum-group metals", "Guide tothe Realization of the ITS-90 - Platinum Resistance Thermometry", International Committee for Weights and Measures, "Standard Reference Material 1750:Standard Platinum Resistance Thermometers,13.8033 K to 429.7485 K", "Professional Jeweler's Magazine Archives, issue of August 2004", "The state-of-play and future of platinum drugs", "Occupational Health Guideline for Soluble Platinum Salts (as Platinum)", "CDC – NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards – Platinum", "FDA Backgrounder on Platinum in Silicone Breast Implants", "187 Fake Cancer 'Cures' Consumers Should Avoid", NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards – Platinum, "A balanced historical account of the sequence of discoveries of platinum; illustrated", "Johnson Matthey Technology Review: A free, quarterly journal of research exploring science and technology in industrial applications (formerly published as Platinum Metals Review)", "Platinum-Group Metals Statistics and Information", "International Platinum Group Metals Association", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Platinum&oldid=998655826, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2014, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 12:00. 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