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growing eggplant in containers

Container grown eggplant require large pots to facilitate their growth and provide room for the small bushes. Drought tolerant but for happier plants water regularly. Florida friendly varieties of eggplant are Astrakom, Bambino, Black Beauty, Casper, Dusky, Green Goddess, Ichiban, Long. Plant in organic-rich well-drained soil. Planting when the soil is cold will shock the seeds and will delay the germination process. Toss the eggplant with a little olive oil, some kosher salt, and pepper. container. Cover the planters with a plastic bag or film, and set the pots on top of the refrigerator or on a heat mat; the ideal temperature for germination is 75 degrees Fahrenheit. If you remember to water, choose the unglazed pot. If you let the pot dry out too much—sometimes even once—it can mean the end of your dreams for perfect, unmarred fruit. Repot eggplant seedlings into larger pots filled with potting soil or the same mix the seeds were germinated in. Generally, pick it when it is on the smaller side. Here are a few of our favorite eggplant varieties for planting in pots: See to it that the seeds are disease-free. There are so many ways to cook eggplant, really, there is no best way to cook it. Choose a big container, at least a 5 gallon capacity pot or container. Choose a large pot with a 5-gallon (18 L.) capacity. If you’re new to growing plants and have not grown them much– purchase a few seedlings of your favorite eggplant variety. Growing eggplant from seed requires some care, but it is worth the effort because there is a huge variety you can buy in seed form, while nurseries often carry only a few types. After preparing the seeds, prepare the container that you will use. If you wish to plant eggplant from seeds be sure to plant 2 seeds in each container, as this will likely ensure at least one will grow. If you have something more significant, use it. The pot must have a 5-gallon (20-liter) capacity, … Unglazed – These containers absorb … Eggplant varieties differ in size, shape, color, and maturation time. Look for the word “compact” in the plant’s name. It can be round, long and thin, or pear-shaped. If this is the route you wish to go, you will need a pretty large container. Nurture your eggplant sprouts for 8 to 10 weeks before moving them to the garden or taking them outdoors in permanent containers. Eggplant is easy to grow, and some varieties are so beautiful they can be used as ornamentals. Sign up for our newsletter. Make sure that the pot has large drainage holes as well – this is very important. Keep an eye on the plastic covering. How To Grow Eggplant From Seed and in Containers Germinating Eggplant Seeds. Growing eggplant would be ridiculously easy if not for eggplant flea … This … There are cultivars, however, that have been developed to be compact as an answer to the growing number of small space gardeners. of space per plant or three plants can be placed in a 20-inch (50 cm.) Rosa Bianca and Black Beauty are perfect for making Eggplant Parmigiana. Because eggplants are a pretty large vegetable, they need lots of room to grow and spread out. You can also plant up to three plants in a 20" pot. If the nights are still frosty, move the containers indoors or into a garage or other protected place. Eggplant requires a lot of nutrients. Choose a large pot to house your mature eggplant. Eggplant comes in a wide range of sizes, colors, and shapes. For the best results, fill a seed tray with a non-soil growing medium, like vermiculite or compost. Diligently protect outdoor plants from cold in spring. Eggplant needs a fast-draining potting soil, but also one that will not dry out too fast. Growing eggplant in containers requires 12 to 14 inches (30-35 cm.) Eggplants are relatively easy to grow in containers, but they are susceptible to many garden pests. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience and for our, How To Grow Herbs Indoors on a Sunny Windowsill, Vegetable Seeds or Seedlings? Seedlings can be transplanted to the garden in about two months, or they can be grown to maturity in a large container. Transplant seedlings grown in separate containers without disturbing the roots. If you are growing eggplant in a pot or container, it is also a good idea to use some type of mulch, like straw or wood chips to cover the soil, which helps to keep the soil moist. Modern breeding programs are answering the call of the limited space gardener. Plant one eggplant per container, 2-gallon minimum. To grow eggplant, start by planting your seeds 6 to 9 weeks before the last frost is expected. When the weather warms to daytime temperatures of 70 degrees Fahrenheit, harden off the plants by moving them outside for a few hours during the warmer time of the day. Once the seeds have germinated (typically 7 to 14 days), uncover the container and move it to a sunny window for maximum sun exposure. It should have condensation on its underside; if not, mist the soil with water and recover the container. Plant in at least 7-8 hours of sun. Fairy Tale – One of my favorite types, this prolific plant bears small, slender, light-purple fruits with white splotches. They should germinate in 7-14 days. Fertile and Well-Draining Soil: Starting with the right potting soil will keep your … Any one of the varieties recommended at the end of this publication will grow well in this size pot. Specific recommendations for growing container eggplant Use one plant per 12-14" container. Growing eggplant in containers requires 12 to 14 inches (30-35 cm.) If the conditions are too cold, the plants will fail to thrive. Growing eggplants in pots is possible in two ways– Either start them using seeds or buy the seedlings from a nearby nursery or garden center. They need large enough containers to support the roots of such a heavy plant, a well draining medium, extra food and consistent water and, of course, the right container. If you see tiny round holes in the leaves of the plants early in the season, you could have flea beetles, but again, this is not likely to happen with potted plants that use a sterile potting soil. Give each plant at least a foot and a half of space. This disease is fairly common in traditional garden soil. Because eggplant really needs warm soil to grow well, gardeners in cool climates often do best growing the plants in large, dark-colored containers. Long and slender, the Ichiban eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a good crop to grow in outdoor gardens or containers in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 4-10. Best Type of Container. Also, eggplant, like tomatoes, are heat lovers. It can be white, purple, almost black, bright green, and speckled. Leave on the skin and cut it into small pieces about a half-inch square. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. If you remember to water, choose the unglazed pot. Choose seeds depending on the variety that you would like to plant. Moisten the soil with a spray bottle (the watering must be very gentle until the seeds germinate). You can also build a bamboo cage or use a coated metal tomato cage. But, if you want to experience the full flavor of a freshly picked garden eggplant, simply roast it. Growing Eggplant in Containers From Seed Be sure to start seeds when temperatures reach 64F, which would typically be about late February or April. When potting mature seedlings or purchased starts, mix an all-purpose fertilizer into your potting soil at the beginning of the season. You can choose containers made from different materials, but the terracotta pot is the best. Two-ring tomato cages work best. This makes eggplant a popular vegetable to grow in containers because you can always move them around for the best view. Water well to moisten the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches so the soil is moist but never soggy. Soak the seeds overnight to prepare them for planting. Place a few seeds in each cell or pot, and cover gently with 1/4 inch of soil. Look for the word “compact” in the plant’s name. Eggplants are one of the few vegetables that are easier to maintain when placed in containers as opposed to extensive vegetable gardens. Learn how to grow these plants easily in a pot. Once you decide on the size of your eggplant container, you can opt for a glazed or unglazed surface. Eggplants in pots are as easy to grow as tomatoes in pots. Make certain there are large, unblocked drainage holes. And if you’re not growing eggplants yourself from seed, your local garden center should be able to supply you with all … For bigger fruits, restrict to five or six per plant. Kerry Michaels is a writer and photographer with several years specializing in gardening and landscape design. You have more flexibility with container-grown plants, but the same general timeframe is recommended, to take advantage of the full growing season. This ensures adequate nutrients and water retention while encouraging draining of excess moisture. If you are a forgetful waterer, choose the glazed pots. Eggplants are versatile fruits that belong to the nightshade family along with tomatoes and other fruits. Larger plants will grow in containers as well, but you’ll need to trellis them. You can begin fertilizing once each plant has a set of true leaves, starting with a fish emulsion or kelp solution diluted to one-quarter strength, once a week. If you are using a very light soil, you will have to water enough times during the day so that the soil does not completely dry out. The following eggplant varieties are not only easier than some to grow, but they have a flavor that you’ll love. A good rule of thumb is to pick eggplant when the skin appears glossy and the fruit has a little give when you squeeze it. Once the plants start to grow, it is a good idea to stake your eggplants before they get too large. Eggplants are sun lovers. Potting mix (1 part of the soil, 1 part of organic fertilizer, and 1 part of peat moss) is good for container planting. Fairytale, Bambino, and white eggplants are all great choices for container planting too. Unglazed pots dry out more quickly than glazed pots, but they also allow the evaporation of excess moisture. Once the plants have sprouted and have at least four leaves, they can be transplanted into the desired containers. Mulch immediately after transplanting, and gently hand pull … With the rise of upside down gardening, traditional container gardening has expanded its previous barriers. In the heat of the summer, depending on your pot size, that may mean you need to water your plant twice a day or more. Growing Eggplants. A 5-gallon bucket is the minimum I would recommend for growing eggplants. You do not want to pick eggplant before it is ripe. Hi Home Gardeners, today we discuss growing brinjal in pots. Then, plant 1 to 2 seeds in each container and wait for the seedlings to sprout, which can take up to 2 weeks. On a sunny day, soil temperatures inside black pots may be 10 degrees or more higher than in-ground soil temperatures. Most healthy plants, however, will recover from the leaf damage. Unglazed pots dry out more quickly than glazed pots, but they also allow the evaporation of excess moisture. Updated video : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AHwVlZo-0l0 Tips on growing great looking eggplants in containers. waiwai08/getty. Brinjal which is also called as Eggplant or Aubergine is a perennial plant which belongs to the family of Solanaceae. For general feeding, apply a diluted liquid fertilizer every other week during the growing season. Any eggplant suits container growing, but the heirloom and smaller varieties perform particularly well. I've been trialing heirloom eggplant seeds for the last 2 years and growing them in large self-watering containers that I purchased at WalMart. Clay or plastic pot will be good choices. Although it is quite challenging to grow eggplants from seeds, this is the common option for many home gardeners. 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